Comparative Theoretical Study of Stability, Lypophilicity, Dipole Moments, Acidity and Spectroscopic Properties of Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs: Ibuprofen, Ketoprofen and Flurbiprofen

Main Article Content

Assoma Amon Benjamine
Atse Adepo Jacques
Kone Soleymane
Bamba El Hadji Sawaliho

Abstract

A comparative theoretical study of some physicochemical properties of R and S enantiomers of ibuprofen, ketoprofen and flurbiprofen is undertaken in order to understand their reactivity. To do this, DFT and TD-DFT methods at the B3LYP/6-311G(d,p) level theory are used. The partition coefficient determined is 3.72 for ibuprofen, 2.81 for ketoprofen and 4.12. for flurbiprofen. That means that these NSAIDs are characterized by a high lipophilicity. The calculated Gibbs energies show that the R enantiomer is the most stable in the case of ibuprofen and the S enantiomer in the case of ketoprofen and flurbiprofen. The study of acidity shows that S enantiomer of ibuprofen and R enantiomers of ketoprofen and flurbiprofen are the most acidic enantiomers. TD-DFT calculations show that, the absorption maxima (λmax) of ibuprofen and flurbiprofen correspond to the HOMO→LUMO transition. For ketoprofen, these are associated with the transition HOMO→LUMO+1. These results elucidate the reactivity of the investigated NSAIDs and could help to establish a classification their efficacy.

Keywords:
Ibuprofen, ketoprofen, flurbiprofen, acidity, B3LYP.

Article Details

How to Cite
Benjamine, A. A., Jacques, A. A., Soleymane, K., & Sawaliho, B. E. H. (2020). Comparative Theoretical Study of Stability, Lypophilicity, Dipole Moments, Acidity and Spectroscopic Properties of Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs: Ibuprofen, Ketoprofen and Flurbiprofen. Chemical Science International Journal, 29(5), 51-60. https://doi.org/10.9734/CSJI/2020/v29i530180
Section
Original Research Article

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