Comparative Analysis of the Quality of Petroleum Products from Different Sources in Sapele, Delta State, Nigeria
Chemical Science International Journal,
Background: Adulteration is the illegal addition of any foreign substance into motor Gasoline / high speed diesel. Adulteration maybe due to a long storage period. fuel quality can widely evolve and be different from its initial quality.
Aim: Physicochemical analysis was carried out on different petroleum products (namely, gasoline, kerosene and diesel) from different petrol stations/sales outlets, to determine their quality.
Methods: The physical chemical parameters investigated were specific gravity, pour point, API gravity, viscosity, flash point, fire point and cloud point. The test was carried out using standard procedures of American society for testing and materials (ASTM).
Results: The result shows that physical chemical parameters investigated fell short of the ASTM standard range for a good number of the petroleum products, suggestive of adulteration.
Conclusion: Given that petroleum products are generally imported into the country, the source of adulteration could not be determined since samples were collected only at petrol stations/sales outlets.
- Petroleum products
- physical chemical parameters
- petrol stations
How to Cite
Yadav SR, Murthy VK, Mishra D, Baral B. Estimation of petrol and diesel adulteration with kerosene and assessment of usefulness of selected automobile fuel quality test parameters. International Journal of Environmental Science & Technology. 2005;1(4):253-255.
Chikwe TN, Onojake MC. Adulterating the quality of automotive gas oil using dual purpose kerosene: Effects on compression ignition engines, humans and environment. Chemistry International. 2020;6(2):75-82.
ASTM Manual on Significance of Tests for Petroleum Products, 5th ed., George V. Dryoff editor, Philadelphia, PA; 1989. (TP 691 M36 1989).
Annual Book of American Society for Testing and Material ASTM) Standards, Petroleum product, Lubricants and Fossil Fuels. Volume 05.01 Printed in Baltimore, MD, USA; 2002.
Suri SK, Prasad K, Ahluwalia JC, & Rogers DW. Application of phase-titrations for estimation of adulteration of gasoline and high-speed diesel with kerosene. Talanta. 1981;(5):281-286.
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