Comparative Study on Dyeing Behaviours of Tasar and Tasar Blended Silk Fabrics

Rahul Ranjan Ghosh *

Central Silk Technological Research Institute, Bengaluru-560068, India.

Y.C Radhalakshmi

Central Silk Technological Research Institute, Bengaluru-560068, India.

S. Periyasamy

Central Silk Technological Research Institute, Bengaluru-560068, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Tasar silk is widely sought after because to its natural beauty, durability, sustainability, and cultural relevance. Despite the long-standing yearning for Tasar textiles in their natural colour, weavers can only manufacture a limited number of different designs and types of the silk.It has become necessary to dye the Tasar fabric a different colour since the younger generation requires 100% Tasar cloths in a range of styles and colour combinations.Some manufacturers are now dyeing Tasar fabrics in smaller quantities, but their processing quality is subpar due to non-compliance with correct procedures for color concentration, time intervals, and warm washing, resulting in uneven dyeing, inconsistent hues, and poor fastness attributes.However, considering the current circumstances, it is essential that the Tasar Silk Industry understands how both pure Tasar fabrics and Tasar-blended fabrics are endowed with the fastness properties of Lanaset, Acid, and Reactive dyes.In this article, a comperative study was carried out to understand the dyeing behaviour of Acid, Lanaset and Reactive dye on Tasar x Tasar fabrics and Tasar x Mulberry fabrics. The fabric samples were prepared accordingly to evaluate the tensile properties, colour fastness to rubbing, perspiration, washing & light and colour strength. According to the findings, reactive dyeing had a larger percentage of strength loss than Lanaset and acid dyeing. Relative to other materials, acid-dyed fabrics required less washing, according to fastness data. However, reactive dyed fabrics did not perform well when it came to perspiration fastness. Lanaset dyed fabrics reacted faster to light than other types due to the presence of metal ions. The studies also showed that materials colored reactively had stronger color retention. This attempt shall provide the blue print for the industry to emulate in the future.

Keywords: Acid dyeing, colour fastness, lanaset dyeing, reactive dyeing, tasar silk fabric


How to Cite

Ghosh, R. R., Radhalakshmi, Y., & Periyasamy, S. (2024). Comparative Study on Dyeing Behaviours of Tasar and Tasar Blended Silk Fabrics. Chemical Science International Journal, 33(3), 109–118. https://doi.org/10.9734/CSJI/2024/v33i3898

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